Gato - GitHub Self-Hosted Runner Enumeration And Attack Tool

Gato, or GitHub Attack Toolkit, is an enumeration and attack tool that allows both blue teamers and offensive security practitioners to evaluate the blast radius of a compromised personal access token within a GitHub organization.

The tool also allows searching for and thoroughly enumerating public repositories that utilize self-hosted runners. GitHub recommends that self-hosted runners only be utilized for private repositories, however, there are thousands of organizations that utilize self-hosted runners.

Who is it for?

  • Security engineers who want to understand the level of access a compromised classic PAT could provide an attacker
  • Blue teams that want to build detections for self-hosted runner attacks
  • Red Teamers
  • Bug bounty hunters who want to try and prove RCE on organizations that are utilizing self-hosted runners


  • GitHub Classic PAT Privilege Enumeration
  • GitHub Code Search API-based enumeration
  • GitHub Action Run Log Parsing to identify Self-Hosted Runners
  • Bulk Repo Sparse Clone Features
  • GitHub Action Workflow Parsing
  • Automated Command Execution Fork PR Creation
  • Automated Command Execution Workflow Creation
  • SOCKS5 Proxy Support
  • HTTPS Proxy Support

Getting Started


Gato supports OS X and Linux with at least Python 3.7.

In order to install the tool, simply clone the repository and use pip install. We recommend performing this within a virtual environment.

git clone
cd gato
python3 -m venv venv
source venv/bin/activate
pip install .

Gato also requires that git version 2.27 or above is installed and on the system's PATH. In order to run the fork PR attack module, sed must also be installed and present on the system's path.


After installing the tool, it can be launched by running gato or praetorian-gato.

We recommend viewing the parameters for the base tool using gato -h, and the parameters for each of the tool's modules by running the following:

  • gato search -h
  • gato enum -h
  • gato attack -h

The tool requires a GitHub classic PAT in order to function. To create one, log in to GitHub and go to GitHub Developer Settings and select Generate New Token and then Generate new token (classic).

After creating this token set the GH_TOKEN environment variable within your shell by running export GH_TOKEN=<YOUR_CREATED_TOKEN>. Alternatively, store the token within a secure password manager and enter it when the application prompts you.

For troubleshooting and additional details, such as installing in developer mode or running unit tests, please see the wiki.


Please see the wiki. for detailed documentation, as well as OpSec considerations for the tool's various modules!


If you believe you have identified a bug within the software, please open an issue containing the tool's output, along with the actions you were trying to conduct.

If you are unsure if the behavior is a bug, use the discussions section instead!


Contributions are welcome! Please review our design methodology and coding standards before working on a new feature!

Additionally, if you are proposing significant changes to the tool, please open an issue open an issue to start a conversation about the motivation for the changes.

Gato - GitHub Self-Hosted Runner Enumeration And Attack Tool Gato - GitHub Self-Hosted Runner Enumeration And Attack Tool Reviewed by Zion3R on 8:30 AM Rating: 5