Red-Kube - Red Team K8S Adversary Emulation Based On Kubectl

Red Kube is a collection of kubectl commands written to evaluate the security posture of Kubernetes clusters from the attacker's perspective.

The commands are either passive for data collection and information disclosure or active for performing real actions that affect the cluster.

The commands are mapped to MITRE ATT&CK Tactics to help get a sense of where we have most of our gaps and prioritize our findings.

The current version is wrapped with a python orchestration module to run several commands in one run based on different scenarios or tactics.

Please use with care as some commands are active and actively deploy new containers or change the role-based access control configuration.

Warning: You should NOT use red-kube commands on a Kubernetes cluster that you don't own!


python3 requirements

pip3 install -r requirements.txt

kubectl (Ubuntu / Debian)

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install -y apt-transport-https ca-certificates curl
sudo curl -fsSLo /usr/share/keyrings/kubernetes-archive-keyring.gpg
echo "deb [signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/kubernetes-archive-keyring.gpg] kubernetes-xenial main" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/kubernetes.list
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install -y kubectl

kubectl (Red Hat based)

cat <<EOF > /etc/yum.repos.d/kubernetes.repo
yum install -y kubectl


sudo apt-get update -y
sudo apt-get install -y jq

usage: python3 [-h] [--mode active/passive/all] [--tactic TACTIC_NAME] [--show_tactics] [--cleanup]

required arguments:
--mode run kubectl commands which are active / passive / all modes
--tactic choose tactic

other arguments:
-h --help show this help message and exit
--show_tactics show all tactics

Commands by MITRE ATT&CK Tactics
Tactic Count
Reconnaissance 2
Initial Access 0
Execution 0
Persistence 2
Privilege Escalation 4
Defense Evasion 1
Credential Access 8
Discovery 15
Lateral Movement 0
Collection 1
Command and Control 2
Exfiltration 1
Impact 0


1 First Workshop with Lab01 and Lab02 Webinar Link

2 Second Workshop with Lab03 and Lab04 Webinar Link


BlackHat Asia 2021


Why choosing kubectl and not using the kubernetes api in python?

When performing red team assessments and adversary emulations, the quick manipulations and tweaks for the tools used in the arsenal are critical.

The ability to run such assessments and combine the k8s attack techniques based on kubectl and powerful Linux commands reduces the time and effort significantly.

Contact Us

This research was held by Lightspin's Security Research Team. For more information, contact us at [email protected].

Red-Kube - Red Team K8S Adversary Emulation Based On Kubectl Red-Kube - Red Team K8S Adversary Emulation Based On Kubectl Reviewed by Zion3R on 8:30 AM Rating: 5