ansvif - An Advanced Fuzzing Framework Designed To Find Vulnerabilities In C/C++ Code.

Friday, March 3, 2017


ansvif, written primarily in C++, is designed to find code bugs by throwing garbage input at programs to see how they react. This is great for finding bugs, because not every type of input is always handled, and buffers are not always checked, etc. It also comes in handy when writing (and protecting against), buffer overflow exploitation, as well as string input validation vulnerabilities (the %s bug).

Dependancies:
automake autoconf-archive zlib1g-dev libcrypto++ g++ gcc

Compliation:
Linux:
$ aclocal && autoconf && automake -a && ./configure && make

Or, if you would like to play with the syscall fuzzer:

$ aclocal && autoconf && automake -a && ./configure --enable-syscalls && make

OpenBSD:
$ AUTOMAKE_VERSION=`ls /usr/local/bin/automake-* | head -n 1 | sed -e 's/.*-//'`\
AUTOCONF_VERSION=`ls /usr/local/bin/autoconf-* | head -n 1 | sed -e 's/.*-//'`\
aclocal && AUTOMAKE_VERSION=`ls /usr/local/bin/automake-* | head -n 1 | sed -e 's/.*-//'`\
AUTOCONF_VERSION=`ls /usr/local/bin/autoconf-* | head -n 1 | sed -e 's/.*-//'`\
autoconf && AUTOMAKE_VERSION=`ls /usr/local/bin/automake-* | head -n 1 | sed -e 's/.*-//'`\
AUTOCONF_VERSION=`ls /usr/local/bin/autoconf-* | head -n 1 | sed -e 's/.*-//'` automake -a\
&& CXX=eg++ ./configure && make
Windows:
Windows binaries are now desgined to be compiled with MinGW-W64 (since we use threading download a version of MinGW-W64 g++ with seh).
(Go to where you installed MinGW-W64 and click mingw-64.bat)
g++.exe src/common.cpp src/win/bin2hex.cpp src/win/bin2hex_pc.cpp src/win/popen2.cpp src/win/main.cpp src/win/help.cpp src/match_seg.cpp src/win/sys_string.cpp src/win/sys_string_pc.cpp src/win/man_read.cpp src/randomizer.cpp src/trash.cpp -I./ -I./include -std=c++11 -lstdc++ -lpthread -O2 -o ansvif.exe -static -static-libgcc -static-libstdc++
gcc src/win/printf.c -o printf.exe
Note: cygwin .dll external files are no longer required as we now compile with g++ from MinGW. In Windows 7 Powershell v2 is installed by default, however, this program requires atleast Powershell v5. Windows 10 includes powershell v5. You can go to Microsoft's site and download the Windows Management Framework (which includes newer Versions of Powershell here:
https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=50395

Testing:
If you would like to try out the example code, you can compile faulty.c with:
$ gcc faulty.c -o faulty
Using the example code: You can point the memory back at address \xff\x05\x40\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00 (the subroutine containing the code that spawns bash) with: $ ./faulty -a $(perl -e 'print "A"x24;print "\x00\xff\x05\x40\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00"') The address may be a little different under your distro, check gdb if you really want to try it out. The code above /should/ drop you at a bash prompt. If the code is set to a mode where all are able to execute as another user, it will attempt to spawn a root shell. or simply run make test .

Usage:
Important note: Windows users will have to run ansvif.exe from Powershell for it to work!
$ ./find_suid /usr/bin/ /bin/ /sbin/
$ ./ansvif -[tm] [template/manpage] -c /path/to/executable -b buffersize

Examples:
Linux/BSD:
$ echo "Marshall" ./ansvif -t examples/template -c ./faulty -b 64
$ ./ansvif -m mount -c /bin/mount -e examples/mount_e.txt -x examples/mount_o.txt\
-f 8 -b 2048
$ ./ansvif -t examples/blank.txt -F tmp/tmphtml -x examples/htmltags.txt -c /usr/bin/iceweasel -b\
128 -A "file:///home/username/src/ansvif/tmp/tmphtml"  -f 2 -n -R "sleep 3 && killall\
iceweasel" -S ">"
$ cat examples/linux_syscalls_implemented.list | xargs -P \
`cat examples/linux_syscalls_implemented.list | wc -l` -I {calls} ./ansvif -t examples/space.txt \
-B "{calls} " -c ./syscalls -o syscall_crash -f 1 -z -d -b 16
Windows:
PS C:\ansvif\bin\ansvif_win> .\ansvif -t ..\..\examples\space -F ..\..\tmp\tmphtml -x `
..\..\examples\htmltags -c `
'C:\Program Files (x86)\Google\Chrome\Application\chrome.exe' `
-b 128 -A "file:///C:\\Users\marsh\OneDrive\Documents\Code\ansvif\tmp\tmphtml" `
-f 2 -n -S ">" -R "sleep 2 ; Stop-Process -Name chrome"

Options:
  -t This file should hold line by line command arguments as shown in the example file.
  -e This file should hold line by line environment variables as shown in the example
     file.  You can usually get these by doing something like:
     $ strings /bin/mount | perl -ne 'print if /[A-Z]=$/' > mount_envs
  -c Specifies the command path.
  -p Specifies the manpage location (as an integer, usually 1 or 8)
  -m Specifies the commands manpage.
  -D Dumps whats found in the manpage.
  -f Number of threads to use.  Default is 2.
  -b Specifies the buffer size to fuzz with.  256-2048 Is usually sufficient.
  -r Uses only random garbage data.
  -o Writes output to log file.
  -z Randomize the buffer size from 1 to what is specified by -b.
  -x Other junk to put in.  Usernames and such can go here.
  -S Seperator between options.
  -s Omitted character specification.  Defaults are <>\\n |&\[]\()\{}:;\ and newline is mandatory.
  -T Timeout for threads.
  -W Timeout for threads.
  -L Unpriviledged user to run as if root.
  -A Always put whats after this after command to run.
  -B Always put whats after this before the command to run.
  -F File to feed into the program that -x along with normal fuzzing data will be put in.
  -n Never use random data in the fuzz.
  -R Run this command after each fuzz.
  -C A Non standard error code to detect.
  -V Use Valgrind if installed.
  -1 Try to make it fault once, if it doesn't happen, throw error code 64.  Useful for scripting.
  -P Use % to represent binary in fuzz.
  -M Max arguments to use in the fuzz.
  -y Short for -b 0 and usually only useful with -A or -B
  -K Keep fuzzing after a crash in the target.
  -v Verbose.
  -d Debug data.
  -h Shows the help page.

Recommendations: It is recommended that if you are doing long fuzzes or file fuzzing, if possible put the files (including the binary you are fuzzing if possible) in memory. This means, put them somewhere like /var/run/shm where disk thrash will be minimal, and fuzzing will be somewhat faster, especially if large files are being handled. Be warned however: You will lose your fuzzed files if they are in shm and you reboot the machine!

DO NOT RUN THIS CODE IN A PRODUCTION ENVIRONMENT! If you try setting faulty.c's output to suid(0) then PLEASE do it in a virtual machine. or atleast a machine that you don't care about. Other than that, just play around and have fun!

Notes:
Windows users must have ansvif running from Powershell. Linux and Windows code should be relatively stable. Syscall fuzzing under linux is under heavy development.



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